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  1. Centre for companion-animal welfare

    Janne Winther Christensen, Peter Sandøe, Björn Forkman, Merete Fredholm, Thomas Bøker Lund, Søren Saxmose Nielsen & Charlotte Reinhard Bjørnvad

    The Centre for Companion Animal Welfare will contribute with a diverse set of research initiatives into the welfare of companion animals and work hard to ensure that results are made visible and applied internationally. The research will focus on the direct welfare consequences of the ways in which companion animals are kept, trained, cared for and bred. The animals concerned are dogs, cats, horses and other animals kept as companion or hobby animals.
    The centre is financed by Skibsreder Per Henriksen, R. og Hustrus Fond.Description


  2. EU Reference Centre for the welfare of poultry and other small farmed animals,

    Steen Henrik Møller, Anja Brinch Riber, Virginie Michel, Antonio Velarde Calvo & James Leonardo Vinco

    The activities of this second Centre for Animal Welfare (EURCAW) will focus on the welfare of poultry, rabbits and other small-farmed animals such as fur animals. EURCAW-Small Animals (EURCAW-SA) will cover a wide range of species including: Domestic birds, rabbits and fur animals.
    The activities of this second Centre for Animal Welfare (EURCAW) will focus on the welfare of poultry, rabbits and fur animals. EURCAW-Small Animals (EURCAW-SA) will cover a wide range of species including:
    •Domestic birds (except ratites): broilers, layers and breeders of: chicken (Gallus gallus), turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), ducks (Carina moschata, Anas platyrhynchos and their hybrids), goose (Anser anser, Anser cygnoides and their hybrids), guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) and quail (Coturnix coturnix);
    •Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus);
    •Fur animals: mink (Neovison vison), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), artic fox (Alopex lagopus), chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) and racoon dog (Nyctereus procyonoides), ferret (Mustela putorius) and coypu/nutria (Myocastor coypus).
    The EURCAW-SA will cover the entire life cycle of animals under its scope from birth to the end of life and will include animal husbandry, transport, slaughter and killing for other purposes than human consumption. Description



    Jan Værum Nørgaard, Mette S Herskin, Samantha Joan Noel, Lene Juul Pedersen & Leslie Foldager

    An infrastructure for experimental research for sustainable pig production
    Funded by EU Horizon 2020 Description


  4. Linking extensive husbandry practices to the intrinsic quality of pork and broiler meat.

    Lene Juul Pedersen & Hans Spoolder

    The project aim is to provide consumers with quality pork and broiler meat, by developing novel solutions that address societal demands, environmental concerns and economic needs on farm and in the chain. The project is funded by Horizon2020.Description


  5. Udvikling af model for kvægbesætningens udledning af enterisk metan under forskellige management strategier

    Søren Østergaard, Anne Braad Kudahl, Martin Riis Weisbjerg, Jan Tind Sørensen, Vivi Mørkøre Thorup, Peter Lund, Lisbeth Mogensen & Morten Kargo

    En fortsat stor dansk mælkeproduktion kan være model for andre lande, hvis Danmark kan finde klimaløsninger, som dels er anvendelige i praksis, dels er effektive, både når man ser på bedriftens samlede klimagas udledning og på det økonomiske perspektiv. Den enkelte malkekvægbesætnings produktions-og managementsystem er et centralt og nødvendigt delsystem i, at kunne forstå og kvantificere den samlede danske klimabelastning for produktion af mælk og kød. Projektets hovedaktivitet er at udvikle en ny besætningsmodel til simulering af tekniske og økonomiske konsekvenser af managementtiltag til reduktion af klimaaftryk i malkekvægsbesætninger.

    Projekt finansieret af GUDPDescription


  6. An ICT-based real-time advisory tool to minimise tail biting in fattening pigs.

    Lene Juul Pedersen, Guilherme Amorim Franchi, Tomas Norton, Keeling O'Driscoll & Laura Boyle

    The project develops a technology for early prediction of tail biting behaviour using automated recording of the behaviour by machine vision from video and to advice pig farmers on intervention to stop the problem. The project is funded by GUDP.Description


  7. Animal contact

    Karen Thodberg, Janne Winther Christensen, Poul B Videbech, Lene Vase, Sigrid Juhl Lunde & Lene Høeg Fuglsang-Damgaard

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is used more and more, and has the potential to become an important non-pharmacological supplement for the treatment of people with e.g. mental illness, stress or developmental disorders. Research shows that integrating animals in treatment of humans can have significant effects on different target groups, but it is not clear exactly which elements in the contact to the animal affects the treatment outcome.
    The project is divided into 4 work packages where we first identify and select the best measures of physiological and psychometric effects of contact with dogs. In the last two work packages we will investigate the immediate reactions of nursing home residents and veterans to contact and contact with dogs, using the selected measures.
    The project is funded by TrygFonden.Description


  8. Antimicrobial resistance across biotic socialities

    Jens Seeberg, Katy Overstreet, Mette Vaarst & Holger Brüggemann

    Infections with drug-resistant bacteria threaten to become the most common cause of death by 2050. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has gained a foothold in places such as hospitals and farms where antibiotic-usage is part of production. This project develops the concept of biotic socialities (BS) in order to comprehend the transmission of AMR across species and to address the theoretically and methodological complexities of more-than-human social networks. Furthermore, this project is based in trans-disciplinary collaboration and methods necessary for research into the social and biological worlds of people, pigs, and microbes.
    The project is funded by AUFF NOVA.Description


  9. Can dairy cows have the best of both worlds - positive emotional states rearing their calf and subsequent stress-less separation?

    Margit Bak Jensen, Heather Neave, Emma Hvidtfeldt Jensen, Jean-Loup Rault & Melissa Bateson

    Dairy calves are typically separated from the mother cow at birth. The practise is increasingly criticised for preventing natural nursing and bonding, but research on benefits for the cow is lacking. The stress of breaking the bond when the calf eventually has to be weaned, is often seen as an obstacle to rearing cow and calf together, but mimicking the natural gradual weaning process may offer solutions. This project proposes several novel methods to measure the benefits for dairy cows that are housed full-time or part-time with their calves, such as strength of maternal bond, positive emotional states and neurobiological functioning, compared to cows separated from their calf at birth. The project develop and integrate these novel measures to meet the overall goal of identifying how different cow-calf rearing, weaning and separation practices impact the cow, and provides scientific background for solutions to the long-standing problem of how to implement cow-calf management systems.
    The project is funded by Det Frie Forskningsråd, Teknologi og Produktion, og Graduate School of Technical Sciences (GSTS).Description


  10. Prolonged lactation: Optimal strategy for lactational length at cow and herd level

    Søren Østergaard, Peter T. Thomsen, Lars Bilde Gildbjerg & Martin Bjerring

    The project focusses on identification of cows with optimal possibility to complete a prolonged lactation successfully.
    The project is funded by The Danish Dairy Levy Foundation.Description


  11. Resilience for Dairy - R4D

    Søren Østergaard & Margit Bak Jensen

    Horizon 2020 project

    The overall objective of R4D is to develop and to strengthen a self-sustainable EU ThematicNetwork on “resilient and robust dairy farms” designed to stimulate knowledge exchanges and cross-fertilisation among a wide range of actors and stakeholders of thedairy industry. The aim of R4Dis to widely disseminate relevant ready-to-use best practices based on innovations, facilitating knowledge exchange from farmers to farmers.Description


  12. Rethinking of Antimicrobial Decision-systems in the Management of Animal Production

    Mette Vaarst, Hanne Kongsted, Mogens Agerbo Krogh, Line Kollerup, Merete Studnitz, Katy Overstreet & Jan Tind Sørensen

    ROADMAP is a 4-year EU-funded project that will foster transitions towards prudent antimicrobial use (AMU) in animal production in a large variety of contexts, by favouring a rethinking of antimicrobial decision-systems all along the food supply chain.Description


  13. Best Practice Hens: Pilot Project on Best Practices for Alternative Egg Production Systems

    Anja Brinch Riber

    The objectives of the project are to:
    •Prepare and provide practical support to egg producers to encourage them convert from cage systems to alternative non-cage systems
    •Ensure a wide dissemination of the information collected in the best practices through the development of communication materials
    •Organizing dissemination events targeting Member States with a low percentage of use of alternative systems.
    The project is funded by EU (DG Sante).


  14. Cow’n’calf: Mother-bonded calf rearing in organic dairy herds

    Mette Vaarst, Margit Bak Jensen & Maja Bertelsen

    When calves are separated from their mothers after only 24 hours, it results in a clear dilemma in organic milk production.
    It is not in line with the organic principles, but has been an accepted practice through decades, especially for the sake of milk yield for human consumption. The dilemma has increasingly awakened the attention of consumers. The Organic RDD project KALVvedKO examines various aspects of the dilemmas regarding weaning, as well as the pros and cons by letting the calves stay together with their mothers during the milk feeding period. KALVvedKo seeks to solve the dilemmas through research and development of new robust and innovative housing systems for Danish production.
    The project wants to achieve knowledge on careful separation, housing arrangements and health promoting care, which will make the cow-calf-togetherness possible throughout the milk feeding period in a secure and sustainable manner for both cows, calves and humans – and with the highest possible yield in the form of healthy animals, high product quality of both meat and milk, as well as good economy and trustworthiness in relation to the organic principles. Simultaneously, the project will create a foundation for taking informed choices whether such systems would be a solution for milk producers.
    The project is financed by GUDP, Aarhus University, Thise Mejeri, Naturmælk, Tru-test and Økokologisk Landsforening.Description


  15. First European Union Reference Centre for Animal Welfare

    Jan Tind Sørensen, Lene Juul Pedersen, Inger Anneberg, Hanne Kongsted & Mette S Herskin

    The establishment of Animal Welfare Reference Centres is laid down in the Official Controls Regulation (Articles 95 & 96). In 2018 the Commission designated a first European Union Reference Centre for Animal Welfare:This first Centre entitled EURCAW-Pigs focusses on pig welfare since improving the enforcement of the legislation of pigs is one of the Commission's priorities in the area of animal welfare. EURCAW-Pigs provides scientific and technical knowledge to Competent Authorities of EU member states and their support bodies (science, training, communication), for the official controls on pig welfare requirements laid down in the European pig welfare legislationThe partners in the consortium have extensive experience at national level in providing advice to their respective ministries on animal welfare related topics. They are also recognised as internationally leading institutes on animal welfare issues. Each partner has a relatively small team of 3-4 key staff who work in the Centre, and a much larger group of animal welfare experts from their own and affiliated institutes which they can call upon for additional support. EURCAW-Pigs receives its funding from DG SANTE of the European Commission, as well as the national governments of the three partners forming the CentreAarhus University (AU) Denmark (DK)Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI) – Germany (DE)Wageningen Livestock Research (WLR) The Netherlands (NL) Description


  16. Prevention of accidents during handling of cattle - development of indicators for risk situations

    Karen Thodberg, Janne Winther Christensen, Marianne Norup, Michael Nørremark, Kent Jacob Nielsen & Helge Kromann

    Farming has the highest incidence of fatalities of all industries, and handling animals is one of the most risky tasks. Accidents involving cattle are often serious and result in longer sick leave than other agricultural-related accidents. The overall aim of this project is to develop measurable risk indicators in relation to handling of dairy cattle on farms, with a special focus on the physical environment, animal behaviour and human-animal interactions. Through 4 sub-projects we will:
    1) create new knowledge about the causes of cattle-related occupational accidents through analysis of both existing and newly collected data
    2) investigate whether technological products for monitoring behaviour and activity of dairy cattle can be used to prevent accidents in working situations
    3) formulate recommendations for the design of stables for dairy cattle that take into account occupational safety and ensure an optimal physical environment in order to minimize the risk of occupational accidents
    4) identify behaviour in humans and dairy cows that increase the risk of occupational accidents in handling situations.
    The project is funded by the Working Environment Research Fund.Description


  17. Crossbreeding - optimisation across dairy breeds

    Søren Østergaard

    The objective of this study is to improve the competitiveness of Danish dairy producers and the utilisation of resources in the dairy sector by utilising the full potential of crossbreeding between dairy breeds. Crossbreeding is used systematically for other livestock species like pig and poultry to obtain the benefit of heterosis, but is not used much in dairy cattle because tools for decision support are missing. The results of the project are dairy cows with improved health, fertility, and longevity. This leads to app. 200 mill. DKK per year in further economic effects at the dairy producers, reduced feed consumption per unit of product, and reduced CO2 emission per unit of product. Furthermore, genetic diversity within the breeds will increase. To achieve the objective, we will develop and implement decision support tools in the form of 1) predicted genetic merits for crossbred cows based on genomic information, 2) new modules for the simulation program SimHerd to support the decisions each dairy producer has to make for his herd regarding crossbreeding, and 3) new modules for the insemination plan programme, so it can maximise heterosis in each mating by means of genomic information. In addition, this project, as a first ever, will build a basis for decision making for designing pure breeding lines of dairy cattle that are selected to produce efficient crossbred offspring, in contrast to the present where selection exclusively focus on improving performance of purebreds.
    The project is financed by GUDP, VikingGenetics, Aarhus University, SEGES, Viking Denmark and SimHerd A/S.Description


  18. Big Dutchman Smart Broiler initiative

    Anja Brinch Riber, Sigga Rasmussen, Tomas Norton, Marisa Erasmus, René Thomsen, Karen Margrethe Balle, Martin Rishøj & Simon Lague

    The Big Dutchman Smart Broiler Initiative will create a Precision Livestock Farming solution, based on camera technology and advanced image analysis, for broiler production. The aim of the project is to monitor various aspects of broiler chicken behavior through camera technology for improved animal welfare. This includes leg conditions, movement, and natural behavior, all key elements commonly accepted under the five freedoms animal welfare protocol. A key benefit of this approach is that it allows the farmers constant monitoring of animal behavior to make predictions and better understand what is best for their animals. Also, it is an assessment tool for inspectors. Providing objective evidence daily will provide better assessment throughout the life of the animals. Finally, the approach provides better dialogue with consumers as it is possible to relay honest animal-based evidence to the consumers, allowing them to make a more educated choice.
    The project is financed by FFAR and Big Dutchman.


  19. Bæredygtig slagtekalveproduktion nu

    Mogens Vestergaard, Anne Louise Frydendahl Hellwing, Margit Bak Jensen, Lisbeth Mogensen & Per Spleth

    Projektets formål er at give grundlag for en bæredygtig slagtekalvefodring, så slagtekalveproducenterne kan fodre på en måde, der giver sund vom, god velfærd, billig fodring, lavt klimaaftryk, høj tilvækst og god økonomi.

    Målet er at fastlægge konsekvenserne af en øget andel grovfoder i foderrationen til slagtekalve i form af øget brug af lokalproduceret foder som græsmarksbaseret foder og gode biprodukter på kalvenes tilvækst, foderudnyttelse, sundhed, ædeadfærd, slagtekvalitet, produktionens klimaaftryk og samlede produktionsøkonomi. Description


  20. Managementstrategier til høj fravænningsvægt og lavt antibiotikaforbrug

    Jan Tind Sørensen, Hanne Kongsted, Cecilie Liv Nielsen & Mogens Agerbo Krogh

    Formålet med dette studie er at reducere antibiotikabehovet hos smågrise ved at øge deres vægt ved fravænning – fravænningsvægten øges ved etablering af stabile kuld uden sammenblanding og ved en forøget fravænningsalder.

    Studier og praktiske erfaringer peger på, at større og mere robuste grise ved fravænning vil kunne reducere forekomsten af behandlingskrævende infektioner hos fravænningsgrise, og derved behovet for antibiotika. I projektet øges fravænningsvægten på grisene ved at øge fravænningsalderen og ved at holde dem i stabile kuld hos soen under diegivningsperioden. Soen får i dag typisk større kuld end hun selv kan passe og bl.a. derfor flyttes en del pattegrise til en anden so end deres mor, som passer dem ind til fravænning. I studiet undersøges virkningen af at holde kuld samlet fra fødsel til fravænning, så soen kun ligger med sine egne pattegrise. Virkningen af dette undersøges ved to forskellige fravænningsaldre. Vi følger herefter smågrisene i klimastalden (7-30 kg), og undersøger forekomsten af sygdom og antibiotikabehandlinger.

    I veterinærforlig III ønskes der fokus på blandt andet fravænningsalder og kuldstørrelse og med vægt på tiltag som virker i stalden. Projektet gennemføres under produktionsforhold i fire større danske sobesætninger. Vi forventer derfor at projektets resultater umiddelbart kan implementeres i dansk svineproduktion efter projektperioden.


  21. Optimization of transport of sows to slaughter – improving animal welfare and carcass value

    Mette S Herskin, Karen Thodberg, Louisa Meira Gould & Inger Anneberg

    SOTRANS gains knowledge to formulate operational guidelines for pick-up and transport of cull sows – ensuring that challenges to animal welfare and carcass quality are minimized. Cull sows are more vulnerable to transport stress than market weight pigs, but despite high culling rates, the area of sow transport has not been subject to research or development for years. SOTRANS involves two series of studies, combining field trials and intervention designs to ensure study relevance and high scientific quality. The studies involve all seasons to include risk factors from high temperatures. Among the factors studied are: group size, mixing of sows, transport duration, pick-up facilities, journey breaks and water provision. The studies involve cull sows, selected by farmers, and the overall setup involves clinical examination on-farm before pick-up, commercial transport and re-examination upon arrival at slaughter. Data on behavior, climate (temperature, relative humidity, CO2) and handling are collected from farm to slaughter, and carcass quality (bruises, scratches, pH, drip loss) will be assessed post mortem. Based on the studies, SOTRANS provides new knowledge formulated into operational guidelines for relevant stakeholders such as hauliers, drivers, farmers and authorities – allowing future transport of sows to slaughter under conditions that are not challenging their welfare or carcass quality, thereby facilitating sustainable use of resources and consumer acceptance.
    The project is financed by GUDP and GSST.Description


  22. Pigproducers and their employees motivations and possibillities for reducing antibiotic use.

    Hanne Kongsted, Katy Overstreet, Inger Anneberg & Stine Lindgren

    The aim of the project is to investigate which constraints Danish farmers (both owners and employees) feel they have in relation to reducing the usage of antibiotics and medical zinc-oxide. By understanding the point of view of farmers, future work on the reduction can be targeted towards changing these constraining conditions. Furthermore, the project can help to point out most effective incentive structures when aiming to reduce the farmers’ use of antibiotics and zinc-oxide.

    A questionnaire survey targeted for owners and employees representative for professional Danish pig herds is carried out. The survey focuses on challenges that farmers have in their everyday life in relation to obtain a low consumption of antibiotics and zinc-oxide. Among other things, the survey will address handling many live born pigs per sow, use of vaccines and requirement of treatments from trade relations.
    The project is financed via Veterinærforlig III.Description


  23. Prevalence and prevention of MRSA and diarrhoea in free-range based pig production

    Hanne Kongsted, Cecilie Liv Nielsen, Stine Lindgren, Martin Bjerring, Jan Tind Sørensen & Marianne Ørnstrup Kaiser

    The prevalence of MRSA is lower in organic than in conventional indoor raised pigs. This project intends to investigate if the low prevalence is due to access to outdoor areas or a low consumption of antibiotics and/ or medical zinc-oxide in organic herds. To answer this question, the prevalence of MRSA in organic free-range systems will be compared with the prevalence of MRSA in conventional free-range systems. Furthermore, we will investigate the prevalence of diarrhea and diarrhoea-causing pathogens in the two systems, because these factors affect the need for antibiotics and medical zinc-oxide. Management and housing conditions associated with a low prevalence of diarrhea and diarrhea-causing pathogens are also investigated. We expect the results of the study to inspire for new strategies in the conventional indoor pig production.
    The project is financed via Veterinærforlig III.Description


  24. Reduktion af fravænningsstress og af behov for AB gennem fravænning i farestien og brug af robust genotype

    Lene Juul Pedersen, Hanne Kongsted & Charlotte Lauridsen

    Formålet med projektet er at undersøge, om staldsystemet til løse søer, hvor grisene bliver i farestien efter fravænning, kan reducere de negative forandringer i immunforsvar, tarmflora og ædeadfærd, der normalt ses ved fravænning, og som forårsager fravænningsdiarré. Konceptet undersøges med to forskellige genotyper, der varierer ift. antal og vægt af de fødte grise. Description


  25. Robust calves - Well begun is half done

    Bodil Højlund Nielsen, Mogens Agerbo Krogh, Mogens Vestergaard, Martin Bjerring & Stine Lindgren

    The overall objective of the project is to enhance production of healthy and robust calves by means of knowledge and tools to improve calf health and performance through better management. This will be achieved by
    • Systematic collection of knowledge and data from clusters of farms (veal producers and the dairy farms that deliver calves to them)
    • Development of diagnostic tools for monitoring of calf health (test of immune status, on-farm disease monitoring)
    • Test of alternatives to antibiotic treatment (pre-biotics, NSAID’s, antibiotic-free production)
    • Development and implementation of IT management tools (data management and analyses)
    The project is financed by the Dairy Levy Fund and the Cattle Levy Fund.Description


  26. Scientific analysis of transition and change processes related to animal agriculture

    Mette Vaarst

    Selve kurset fandt sted på AU Foulum + AU Aarhus + Zoom 2.-6.november 2020, og bliver fulgt op af præsentationer og seminar Description


  27. WelFur-Mink IV

    Steen Henrik Møller, Britt I. F. Henriksen, Tine Rousing & Jens Malmkvist

    Post implementation project to maintain correct implementation of WelFur-Mink in Europe. The project has 7 work pakgedces: 1. Project management and information. 2. Assisting in the development and test of a new WelFur Mobile Application (WMA2) for use on-farm during assessments. 3. Development of teaching material for period specific training of WelFur assessors. 4. Development and refinement of the WelFur assessment and protocol/procedures including new knowledge. 5. Examination of assessment results based on ananomyos data. 6. Preparation for version 2 of the WelFur–Mink protocol. 7. Scientific publication Description


  28. CORE Organic Cofund & Innovationsfonden: Innovative and sustainable grazing-based systems integrating cows and young stock

    Mette Vaarst, Margit Bak Jensen, Jesper Overgård Lehmann & Lisbeth Mogensen

    Et CORE Organic Cofund projekt fra april 2018-marts 2021 med 15 partnere fra 8 europæiske lande: Norge, Danmark, Tyskland, Holland, Frankrig, Polen, Estland, Tyrkiet. I Danmark er det partnerne AU, ØL og Them, som arbejder sammen.
    Projektet arbejder på at skabe rammer og udvikle rutiner, som imødekommer dyrenes naturlige behov i dét omfang og på den måde det er muligt, i økologiske malkekvægbesætninger.
    Projekt-teamer arbejder allerede nu sammen med 2 andre projekter indenfor CORE: ProYoungStock og MixEnable. Vi arbejder også på at få flere midlier til forskningen i Danmark I et netværk af partnere. Fokus er ko-kalv-systemer, innovative græsningsstrategier med flere aldersgrupper og arter sammen, og general nedbringelse af medicin-behov gennem god dyresundhed og velfærd.

    Arbejdsmetoderne er grundlæggende at forske i private landbrug, sammen med økologiske landmænd, under forskellige omstændigheder. Sammenligne, skabe kontrast, og forstå udfra mange forskellige baggrunde. Vi søger at se landbrugssystemer I deres helhed: løsninger og nye tiltag skal passe ind i gården og være i overensstemmelse med gårdens mål.


  29. European mink welfare – based on WelFur

    Britt I. F. Henriksen, Anna Feldberg Marsbøll, Steen Henrik Møller & Jens Malmkvist

    WelFur-Mink is an assessment system for assessing animal welfare in European mink farms. It is an on-farm assessment based on evaluation of different animal- and resource-based measurements. WelFur-Mink has been implemented on commercial farms since 2017, and is included in an animal welfare certification program of European mink skins. More than 95% of all European mink farms has signed up for the certification, which means that they will have a certification based on minimum three WelFur assessments (one per production season), and thereafter a yearly visit. The project will study the data from the WelFur assessments, and evaluate the mink welfare on production farms across Europe. The project will look into positive and negative effects on welfare, correlations between measurements and identify research area for mink welfare improvements. Description


  30. The future mink production - focus on housing of mink

    Jens Malmkvist

    The purpose of the project is to initiate sustainable solutions for the future mink production based on existing knowledge about the domesticated farm mink's biology. For decades, the cage system (including nest boxes) has been relatively unchanged in mink production despite the fact that several conditions have changed, for example (1) mink's growing size, (2) knowledge about mink's biology, including more knowledge about farm mink's behavioural and physiological preferences/needs, (3) common interest in animal welfare and debate about keeping mink in cages/for their fur, (4) demand for a high production efficiency to maintain an cost-effective and sustainable Danish production. Therefore, there is a need to initiate research in "The future mink production". One of these aspects is development of ideas for new solutions for housing which satisfies the need (points 1-4) in the years to come. What would a housing system for mink look like should we design it today?
    Several stakeholders participate in collaboration in the project to obtain useful solutions. The project applies for support for (1) a series of experiments with principles for an optimum nest box for mink, (2) collaboration with companies and farmers regarding further development of housing for mink, (3) a pilot study testing mink's use of outdoor area.
    The purpose is to promote the future mink production supplemented with initiatives (e.g. improved nest box) useful to animal welfare and production economics in Danish mink farms.
    The project is financed by the Danish Pelt Levy Foundation.Description


  31. Automatic detection of cows with foot problems

    Peter T. Thomsen

    Behandling af klovlidelser kræver at vi finder de syge køer. Formålet med projektet er at udnytte eksisterende data om køernes aktivitet og udvikle en algoritme (software), som kan udpege køer med klovlidelser.
    Tidlig og konsekvent behandling af klovlidelser forventes at føre til højere mælkeydelse, bedre økonomi, større arbejdsglæde og bedre dyrevelfærd.Description


  32. Determination of correction factors for observation of steretype in WelFur before feeding or at the end of the day

    Steen Henrik Møller, Britt I. F. Henriksen, Tine Rousing & Emma Marie Vallentin Hvas

    Stereotypic behaviour in mink is best observed during a period of increased activity prior to feeding or during postponed feeding. This is therefore the procedure in the welfare assessment protocol WelFur-Mink that is now being implemented in all of Europe. Sometimes, however, it is not possible to observe before feeding. The best alternative time of observation has been suggested to be at the period of increasing activity before sunset during the winter, or as the last observation of the day, during the summer and autumn assessment periods. In order to assess the need for a correction factor that should align the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour before sunset with the prevalence before feeding, the relation between the two has been investigated. On five farms stereotypy was observed at both times and from the WelFur-Mink assessments the results were calculated. The results showed that there is less stereotypic behaviour before sunset than before feeding. No simple correction factor could be defined as the relation seemed to depend on the level of stereotypy. The level of stereotypy on the 5 farms tested both before feeding and before sunset was higher than the large number of farms tested in WelFur-Mink in January and February 2018. Tests both before feeding and before sunset are therefore needed on more farms including farms with a lower level of stereotypy.
    The project is financed by the Danish Pelt Levy FoundationDescription


  33. Development of a method of testing enrichment in WelFur-Mink

    Anna Feldberg Marsbøll, Steen Henrik Møller & Jens Malmkvist

    The WelFur-Mink protocol categorizes different types of enrichment in the cages in three levels based on the available knowledge of their importance to animal welfare. This knowledge is not always uniform and comparable, which means that even enrichments that have been scientifically investigated can be difficult to place unambiguously. Enrichments that have not been studied are placed in the lowest category. In addition, the additive value of Enrichment No. 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 is rarely studied and must therefore be based on a qualified estimate. Based on this, the purpose is to develop and test a method of testing and categorizing enrichments for mink. The method must ensure that existing as well as new types of enrichment used in mink production are categorized on a comparable basis and that the value of multiple enrichments for the same animals can be categorized correctly in the WelFur-mink protocol. For mink farmers, it will also contribute with knowledge about which kind of enrichment that has the greatest importance to animal welfare, and thereby the WelFur-Mink categorization.
    In 2018, a concept is developed for a method of testing enrichment. In 2019 the focus is on developing and testing cages that support tests of many different types of enrichments in a way that allows automatic registration of relevant parameters. These activities are expected to continue in 2020, where there is also a focus on testing and categorizing various kinds of enrichment, as well as the additive effect of several enrichment.

    The project is financed by PelsdyrafgiftsfondenDescription


  34. Pest insect nuisance in horses

    Janne Winther Christensen & Henrik Skovgård

    The overall aim is to identify and communicate appropriate solutions to provision of shade and pest insect avoidance for horses under Danish summer conditions. Grazing animals increasingly experience extreme weather conditions and insect nuisance, which can cause discomfort, itching, wounds and lead to diseases and eczema. Just like heat stress, insects can have a negative impact on horse welfare, health and performance. The project will provide important data on the effects of artificial shelters as well as naturally occurring shade.

    The project consists of information retrieval on experiences in relation to the use of buildings and natural shade during summer. The first part of the project will result in an inspirational catalogue for horse owners. The second part of the project will result in two scientific articles.
    The project is relevant for all horse owners with horses on pasture during summer.

    The project is partly financed by Hesteafgiftsfonden. Description


  35. Holdninger og motivation til forandring – med fokus på dyrevelfærd

    Inger Anneberg

    Metodisk vil der indgå etnografisk feltarbejde i 4-6 udvalgte landbrug samt kvalitative interviews med ejer og ansatte på alle deltagende bedrifter. Den efterfølgende analyse vil tage udgangspunkt i viden om landmænds syn på dyrevelfærd og forandring, samt teorier om anerkendelse, risiko og forandring i sammenhæng med professionel identitet. Desuden vil der indgå en spørgeskemaundersøgelse udført i samspil med EU’s referencecenter for dyrevelfærd, hvor fokus blandt andet er på hvordan kontrollører af dyrevelfærd ser på betydningen landmænds muligheder for at skabe forandringer, samt på hvad der kan fremme og hvad der kan hindre forandringer i de landbrug de besøger.

    Projektet er igangsat af Videncenter for Dyrevelfærd.Description


  36. Body conditioning without Welfare problems

    Britt I. F. Henriksen, Steen Henrik Møller & Jens Malmkvist

    During the winter, mink that are selected as breeding animal are slimmed, in order to ensure good reproduction. One challenge is to slim the animals while avoiding the animals becoming too hungry for so long that it will affect their welfare. This is included in the assessment of the "Absense of prolonged hunger" criterion in WelFur-Mink, and is recorded as body condition score (BCS), where BCS 1-2 in January and 1 in February are associated with prolonged hunger. There is no doubt that animals that are "too thin" have been exposed to prolonged hunger. But the boundary between what is "too thin" in January and in February are currently very strict and there is a need for a more smooth and gradual development with the date during the period. This could be a combination of BCS 1 and 2, but may be combined with other indicators to get a more accurate assessment of the criterion "absence of prolonged hunger" regardless of the observation date. We will therefore investigate how different management strategies for slimming of breeding animals, which must be associated with different degrees of hunger, are expressed in various welfare indicators. We will also assess whether early indicators can be used to prevent the development of signs of hunger. The project will gather knowledge about how breeders can reduce BCS in a way that achieves the full effect of flushing without the mink experiencing prolonged hunger, thus improving their WelFur-Mink assessment in relation to the welfare criterion "absence of prolonged hunger".

    The project is financed by PelsdyrafgiftsfondenDescription


  37. Correct WelFur-Mink assessment of partial weaning of large litters at 42 days

    Steen Henrik Møller, Britt I. F. Henriksen & Jens Malmkvist

    The purpose of the project is to create a professional basis for a correct WelFur-Mink assessment by partial weaning of large litter at 42 days, as is often practiced in Denmark. In WelFur-Mink, the effect of partial weaning is assessed in the same way as other weaning procedures, while the documented positive effect on wounds and injuries is assessed under 'absence of injury'. There is no scientific evidence that partial weaning affects my welfare differently than normal weaning. The proportion of kits weaned by 6 weeks will therefore get the same assessment as at full weaning at 6 weeks. This gives a poorer assessment in relation to 1) the age of weaning; 2) The distance between dams and kits after weaning. If this is to be changed, there must be scientific basis for interpreting partial weaning differently than normal weaning. The current basis for assessing welfare at different ages is based on knowledge about the effect on dams and kits. The effects are primarily measured as calls between bitches and puppies, such as stereotypes in dams and kits, both immediately after weaning and long-term effects measured in autumn around the change of fur (3-4 months after weaning).

    The project is financed by PelsdyrafgiftsfondenDescription


  38. WelFur III

    Steen Henrik Møller, Anna Feldberg Marsbøll, Britt I. F. Henriksen & Jens Malmkvist

    The overall aim of the WelFur III project is to facilitate the implementation of the welfare assessment protocol for mink in Europe. A test of the WelFur protocol at farms in 10 European countries disclosed a number of issues that needed to be solved in order to make sure that WelFur could correctly handle all conditions found around Europe in each of the three seasons that covers the strict annual cycle of mink production.
    A Ph.D. project is aiming at increasing the feasibility and exploring ways to reduce the costs of assessment, without reducing the validity or the reliabilityDescription


  39. Effektiv kontrol mod smitsom mastitis

    Søren Østergaard, Torben Werner Bennedsgaard, Martin Bjerring & Lars Peter Sørensen

    Effektiv mastitiskontrol er forudsætning for en rentabel mælkeproduktion, hvor koens fulde potentiale udnyttes til at producere mælk af den højeste kvalitet. Inden for de sidste få år er andelen af danske besætninger med B-streptokokker steget fra 2 % i 2000 til 7 % i 2012. Ca. 90 % af de danske besætninger er inficeret med Staph. aureus. Udviklingen har givet en række nye udfordringer i kontrollen af smitsom mastitis, særligt for store besætninger og besætninger med nye malkesystemer. Trods faldende celletal de seneste år er andelen af køer med smitsomme mastitisbakterier ved analyse af goldkoprøver fortsat over 35% (Bennedsgaard 2014, upublicerede analyser), og 70% af antibiotikaforbruget i besætningerne bruges til behandling af yverinfektioner.
    Projektets formål er at undersøge årsagen til den fortsat høje forekomst af smitsomme mastitisbakterier og at opnå ny viden om effektiv kontrol af smitsom mastitis, som udmøntes i anbefalinger og redskaber til at kunne træffe de mest effektive beslutninger på både ko- og besætningsniveau. Dermed forbedres mælkekvalitet og dyrevelfærd, mindskes antibiotikaforbruget og øges indtjeningen for den enkelte besætningsejer.Description


  40. HALTBOX: Nytter det at bruge sygebokse til halte køer?

    Katrine Kop Fogsgaard, Mette S Herskin, Margit Bak Jensen & Peter T. Thomsen

    HALTBOX besvarer spørgsmålet: Nytter det at bruge sygebokse til halte køer?
    Forskningsprojektet involverer halte malkekøer (halthedsscore 4), som opstaldes i sygeboks i en periode på op til 6 uger efter halthedsdiagnose. På baggrund af registreringer i besætninger – der indgår i projektet som forsøgsværter - søger HALTBOX at afdække, hvorvidt opstaldning af halte køer i sygeboks (frem for opstaldning af dyrene sammen med de raske dyr) nytter noget:
    a) Fører brugen af sygeboks til hurtigere raskmelding (lavere halthedsscore)?
    c) Påvirker brugen af sygeboks behovet for medicin, klovbehandling og dyrlægebehandling?
    c) Har brugen af sygeboks indflydelse på landmandens tidsforbrug til pasning af og tilsyn med dyrene?
    d) Betyder brugen af sygeboks at dyrene får bedre mulighed for hvile eller andre tegn på forbedret velfærd?
    e) Påvirker brugen af sygeboks dyrenes sundhed, produktion eller reproduktion i månederne efter opholdet i sygeboksen?
    Derudover vil projektet
    e) Undersøge hvorvidt ovenstående effekter af opholdet i sygeboks afhænger af halthedsdiagnosen; og
    f) Fastsætte anbefalinger for varigheden af opholdet i sygeboksen
    HALTBOX vil således resultere i ny viden som er afgørende for brugen af de sygebokse, der skal forefindes på danske bedrifter senest fra 2016. En sådan viden findes ikke i dag.Description


  41. Løbesår betydning for produktion og velfærd hos malkekvæg

    Mogens Agerbo Krogh, Sarah Lee Munch, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Nynne Capion & Peter Raundahl

    I 2016 fandt vi forandringer i løben hos 90 % og deciderede løbesår hos 43 % af 750 danske Holstein køer. Løbesår er dermed særdeles udbredt hos de danske malkekøer og det er derfor helt centralt at det bliver undersøgt om løbesårene har væsentlig betydning for produktionen og/eller udgør et betydeligt velfærdsmæssigt problem. Formålet med dette projekt er at kvantificere betydningen af løbesårene på koens produktion og velfærd. I projektet vil der blive foretaget en sammenlignende vidensyntese om sammenhæng imellem løbesår og smerte. Desuden vil der på slagtekøer blive foretaget yderligere undersøgelser af størrelse, dybde og alder af løbesår og efterfølgende analyseres sammenhængen mellem graden af løbesår og produktions- og slagtedata. Projektet vil samlet set give os ny viden om, hvor meget løbesår påvirker koens velfærd og produktion. Description


  42. Optimale hundebesøg

    Karen Thodberg, Janne Winther Christensen, Birthe Houbak, Pia Haun Poulsen & Connie Hårbo Middelhede

    The aim of this project is to study whether providing increased intensity of dog contact during dog visits in nursing homes affects the immediate response to and the general effect of the visits. Furthermore, whether the level of cognitive impairment affects the response and benefit. Finally, how a visiting programme’s day-to-day effects on residents’ quality of life can be monitored.
    The project is carried out in cooperation with TrygFonden.Description


  43. A more feasible WelFur-Mink protocol without reducing the reliability of the welfare assessment

    Anna Feldberg Marsbøll, Steen Henrik Møller & Tine Rousing

    The overall aim of this PhD-study is to increase the reliability and feasibility of the welfare assessment according to the WelFur-Mink protocol. The reliability is increased by overcoming dependencies of date of assessment in each of the three assessment periods, while the feasibility is increased by reducing the time needed for the full WelFur assessment.Description


  44. Management til forbedret hvalpeoverlevelse, dyrevelfærd og effektivitet i dansk minkproduktion

    Jens Malmkvist, Steen Henrik Møller & Steffen W Hansen

    Dansk minkproduktion er verdensførende, og økonomisk væsentlig for Danmark, hvor hovedparten af de 16 millioner årligt producerede skind eksporteres til markeder med stigende efterspørgsel. Der er imidlertid et betydeligt potentiale for øget hvalpeoverlevelse i produktionen af mink. Projektets formål er derfor at udvikle, anvise og demonstrere vidensbaserede
    produkter (redemateriale, redekasse med drikkevand) og integrerede managementredskaber (SOPs, Farm Cockpit til PC) til at øge antallet af vitale hvalpe fra hver enkelt avlstæve. Som følge af projektet forbedres (i) dyrevelfærden – qua reduceret stress hos tæver og hvalpe, flere vitale hvalpe ved
    fravænning, færre skader og døde hvalpe, (ii) effektiviteten via flere skind produceret pr. avlsdyr, samt (iii) bæredygtighed og miljø via bedre essourceudnyttelse/mindre spild. Konkret er målet realistiske løsninger til reduktion af den tidlige hvalpedødelighed til under 8%, hvilket kan forøge antallet af producerede skind pr. alvstæve fra de nuværende 5,3 til 6,1,
    samtidig med at dyrenes velfærd forbedres. Dette medfører en årlig merindtjening på 498 mio. kr. i den danske minkproduktion. Effekterne specificeres yderligere i en costbenefit analyse i projektets slutfase. God velfærd for mink bidrager positivt til Danmarks/erhvervets etiske regnskab og generelle omdømme. Både med hensyn til effektivitet og dyrevelfærd kan Danmark distancere konkurrenter, såfremt produktion af mink optimeres som skitseret i dette projekt. Description


  45. Identifikation af mulighederne for at minimere forekomsten af læsioner hos økologiske svin og frilandssvin (del 1 og 2)

    Jan Tind Sørensen, Hanne Kongsted & Pia Haun Poulsen

    På baggrund af kødkontroldata har Landbrug & Fødevarer og SEGES foretaget en sammenligning af forekomsten af læsioner forårsaget af sygdom eller skader på økologiske svin og frilandssvin kontra konventionelle svin. Sammenligningen bygger på kødkontroldata for en periode på et år opsamlet på Danish Crowns slagteri i Herning, hvor der slagtes både økologiske svin, frilandssvin og konventionelle svin. På den baggrund identificeres problem- og succesbesætninger og efterfølgende identificeres risikofaktorer for halebid i økologiske og frilandsbesætninger.Description


  46. Forebyggelse af mælkefeber i økologiske malkekvægsbesætninger - PREVENT-MF

    Heidi Voss, Inger Anneberg, Mogens Agerbo Krogh & Finn Strudsholm

    Forekomst af mælkefeber er betydeligt højere i økologiske besætninger end i konventionelle. Projektet går i dybden med de forskelle, der findes imellem de økologiske besætninger i goldko-management for at udvikle best-practice indenfor økologiske rammerDescription


  47. Low mortality through birth of vital piglets

    Lene Juul Pedersen, Jan Tind Sørensen & Anders Christian Sørensen

    Piglet mortality in Danish organic pig production is very high with one of three organic piglets dying before weaning. This is a major barrier for obtaining a predicted high growth potential for organic pig production. The high mortality rate seems to be related to litter size beyond the size that can be fostered by the sow and birth of weak pigs. The current breed combination may be less suited for organic production, where sows farrow in in-accessible hutches, having long lactations and with limited possibilities for managing surplus piglets.Description